The Disciples & Paul
When Jesus physically walked on earth, he chose his disciples. So let us ask a few questions.
Question: Was Jesus and his disciples under the law?
Did they keep the Old Testament law?
Did Jesus receive the Holy Ghost during his physical ministry on earth? If yes, when?
Did the disciples of Jesus receive the Holy Ghost / Holy Spirit when they were walking with Jesus on earth?
When did the disciples receive the Holy Ghost?
How did the disciples receive the Holy Ghost?
When did the disciples of Jesus get “saved”?
What about Paul, when did Paul get saved?
When did Paul receive the Holy Ghost?
Was Paul baptized?
When you look at scripture you see all the disciples, Jesus and Paul were all Jews. Jesus and the disciples were teaching and preaching to Jews and basically, they kept the Jewish laws. Paul, was a very religious Jew who claimed to keep the Old Testament law.
Why did these people keep the Old Testament law? Scholars say there are about 6000 laws in the Old Testament so why would people try to keep all these laws? Clearly at the end of the 6000 laws, God promises blessings for keeping the laws. But are the Old Testament people promised salvation, or heaven by keeping these laws? Or are they promised earthly blessings for keeping the 6000 or so laws?
Who gave these 6000 or so laws to the people? Where did the laws come from? Who were the laws given to? What was the purpose of giving these people all these laws? And what about Jesus, what did he have to say about all these laws? What about Paul, what did he say about all these laws?
When we look at scripture as a whole book made up of 66 different books, 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books, it makes perfect sense. Just looking at the words ” Old” and “New” we see God divided his word. The word old means one thing and the word new means something different or new.
It is not that the “old” is not worth reading or studying because God has put into the old, prophecy – the foretelling of future events. God has shown us his personality in the Old Testament. God shows us how he handles situations, people, sin, fear, joy, anger and that God has emotions.
And the word new means what? The New Testament is not called the revised old testament, it is called new. New means you did not have it before, it is new.
So picture this. You have 12 disciples who lived by the Old Testament. Then you have this guy named Jesus who says he is God in the flesh. John 10:30 KJV “I and my Father are one.”
We see a shift in the New Testament. The New Testament has 27 books and starts with the four gospels, Marthew, Mark, Luke and John. When we look at an overall picture of the four gospels, we see Jesus is a Jew from the genealogy line of David. Jesus presents himself as their long awaited Messiah that was to come. John 4:25-26 KJV
“The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.
 Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.”
So the New Testament starts with the long awaited Messiah comes. Everyone in the four gospels was under the law still, practicing the law. We know the religious leaders of the Jews, rejected Jesus as the Messiah and ordered he be crucified. We know the crucifixion of Jesus was all part of God’s plan from the Old Testament. There are many, many references to the crucifixion of Jesus in the Old Testament but two of the most popular are Psalm 22 and Isaiah 53.
We see, even the Ethiopian eunuch was reading Isaiah/Esaias the Old Testament prophet’s writings when Philip was told, by God, to explain the writing to the eunuch in Acts 8:26-40.
So the first four books of the New Testament are presenting the Messiah, who is under the law, to Israel, Jews. There are 27 books in the New Testament, less the 4 gospels, means 23 books deal with the times after the resurrection of Jesus. We will pick it up from here next time, Lord willing. Until next time.